Gene polymorphism of IL6, DHCR7, VDR, CYP2R1, GC in polycystic ovary syndrome and autoimmune thyroiditis

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Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common pathology in women of reproductive age, leading to hyperandrogenism, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, ovulation disorder and infertility. Etiopathogenesis of the disease is actively studied, but many of its mechanisms are unclear. The aim was to study the frequency of IL6 and vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms, blood contents of vitamin D in polycystic ovary syndrome combined with autoimmune thyroiditis.
A total of 192 women were examined, the average age of the patients was 25.5±3.1 years; of these, 130 women had polycystic ovary syndrome. The patients were divided into 2 groups: with polycystic ovary syndrome combined with autoimmune thyroiditis (1st group) and olycystic ovary syndrome without autoimmune thyroid pathology (2nd group); 62 healthy women made up the control sample. The ELISA method was used to determine thyroid stimulating hormone, thyroid hormones, antibodies to thyroid peroxidase, vitamin D, testosterone, estradiol, progesterone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, luteotropic hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone. Material for genetic studies was isolated from buccal cells. The typing was performed by PCR, and the following polymorphisms were tested: IL6 (rs1800795 SNP), vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene (rs1544410), DHCR7 (rs12785878), GC (rs2282679), CYP2R1 (rs10741657). The results were as follows: polymorphism of IL6, VDR, DHCR7, GC, CYP2R1 genes was revealed in the patients with polycystic ovary syndrome in combination and without concomitant autoimmune thyroiditis. The lowest levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in serum were found in the patients with polycystic ovary syndrome and autoimmune thyroiditis.
Polymorphism of IL6 genes, vitamin D receptor, DHCR7, GC, CYP2R1 genes may aggravate the course of polycystic ovary syndrome and requires a more comprehensive study. When polycystic ovary syndrome was combined with autoimmune thyroiditis, the studied gene polymorphisms did not differ significantly from those in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome without autoimmune thyroiditis, thus suggesting greater significance of these genetic factors in pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome. However, more than a half of women with combined endocrine disorders had both homozygous and heterozygous variants of pathological IL6 gene carriage along with lowest vitamin D levels, which may significantly affect immune response and, hence, determine the development of both endocrine disorders.

About the authors

O. V. Valikova

Regional Clinical Hospital № 2 Vladivostok;
Cliniс «Plastek surgery» Vladivostok

Author for correspondence.
Email: renalex.99@mail.ru

doctor endocrinologist

690012, Russian Federation, Vladivostok, Fastovskya str., 14, apt 184

Phone: 7 (902) 521-77-72 

Russian Federation

V. V. Zdor

Pacific State Medical University;
Cliniс for Diabetes and Endocrine Diseases

Email: victoria.zdor@mail.ru

 PhD, MD (Medicine), Leading Research Associate, Сentral Research Laboratory; Clinical Endocrinologist 

Russian Federation

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Sarychev

Pacific State Medical University;
Clinical Hospital “RZD-Medicine” 

Email: vsarychev1304@gmail.com

Postgraduate Student, Department of Normal and Pathological Physiology; Surgeon

Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2021 Valikova O.V., Zdor V.V., Sarychev V.A.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ ПИ № 77 - 11525 от 04.01.2002 выдано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).


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