IL17A rs2275913 gene polymorphism in Uzbek ethnic group and its linkage with development of allergic rhinitis

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Abstract

Currently, new insights into the general mechanisms of developing allergic diseases suggest that Th17 cells are involved in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis characterized by dominant production of cytokines IL-17A and IL-17F. Objective: to assess IL17A rs2275913 gene polymorphism in the Uzbek ethnic group and its linkage with development of allergic rhinitis. There were examined 83 patients with allergic rhinitis, among which 38 (46%) had intermittent form and 45 (54%) – with persistent disease form. In control group there were included 123 apparently healthy subjects. Genotyping of IL17A rs2275913 polymorphism was carried out by using real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-Time) “SNP-EXPRESS”-RV.
While analyzing frequency distribution of the G and A alleles within the IL17A gene, it was found that the A allele dominated (38.7% vs 19.5%, respectively, χ2 = 15.9; p < 0.05). The G/G genotype in the A/G IL17A gene polymorphism was much less abundant in AR patients compared to apparently healthy patients in control group. It was detected increased frequency of heterozygous G/A allele within the IL17A gene in AR patients vs. control group (56.9% vs 30.2%, respectively, χ2 = 11.9; p < 0.05; OR = 3.1). While comparing the A/A genotype of the IL17A gene it was shown that its prevalence was significantly higher in AR patients compared to healthy subjects (14.1% vs 5.9%, respectively, χ2 = 4.6; p < 0.05).
Our findings demonstrated that the AA genotype in the IL17A rs2275913 gene is associated with developing AR in the Uzbek ethnic group. Such trait may be used as AR predictor, provide valuable information for design and implementation of pathogenetically justified methodological approaches to therapy and prevention of allergic rhinitis.

About the authors

N. D. Dustbabaeva

Tashkent Institute for Post-Graduate Medical Education

Author for correspondence.
Email: nazifa.d@bk.ru

Dustbabaeva Nazifa Damirovna - Assistant Course in Clinical Allergology, Allergologist-Immunologist

100031, Tashkent, Yakkasaray district, Mirobod str., 16-26

Phone: +99899-495-50-20

Uzbekistan

F. Kh. Irsaliyeva

Tashkent Medical Academy

Email: fake@neicon.ru

PhD, MD (Medicine), Associate Professor, Department of Allergology, Clinical Immunology and Nursing

Tashkent

Uzbekistan

N. F. Nurmatova

Tashkent Medical Academy

Email: fake@neicon.ru

PhD, MD (Medicine), Assistant Professor, Department of Allergology, Clinical Immunology and Nursing

Tashkent

Uzbekistan

V. F. Baybekova

Tashkent Medical Academy

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Assistant Professor, Department of Allergology, Clinical Immunology and Nursing

Tashkent

Uzbekistan

N. P. Aydarova

Tashkent Medical Academy

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Assistant Professor, Department of Allergology, Clinical Immunology and Nursing

Tashkent

Uzbekistan

Kh. S. Akhmedov

Republican Scientific and Specialized Allergological Center

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Deputy Director

Tashkent

Uzbekistan

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Copyright (c) 2020 Dustbabaeva N.D., Irsaliyeva F.K., Nurmatova N.F., Baybekova V.F., Aydarova N.P., Akhmedov K.S.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ ПИ № 77 - 11525 от 04.01.2002 выдано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).


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