Examining sIgE-profile in patients with ambrosia allergy in Samara

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Abstract

It is considered that Ambrosia trifida is not widespread in Russia, thereby avoiding its threatening effects to populational health. However, there are some areas in Russia where more than half of land area is covered by Ambrosia trifida. Many such foci are found in the Samara, Orenburg regions, Tatarstan and Bashkiria. Ambrosia trifida is distributed in Central Russia, the North Caucasus region and Siberia.
The objective of the study was to examine specific IgE-profile in ragweed sensitized patients in the Samara region. A clinical and allergy examination of 969 patients with allergic rhinitis was performed. Allergic diagnostics was performed by using skin testing (prick-test) with standard set of pollen, household, and epidermal allergens. The data of skin tests in patients co-sensitized with ragweed and Artemisia allowed to analyze IgE-antibodies specific to the major Ambrosia (Amb a 1, Аmb. trifida) and Artemisia (Art v 1) allergens. Patients with negative skin test for the Amdrosia artemisiifolia and clinical manifestations of seasonal allergy were assessed for level of sIgE-antibodies nAmb a 1 and Amb trif.
Skin test data demonstrated that seasonal and combined forms of allergic rhinitis dominated in patients examined. In particular, positive skin test data for pollen allergens dominated (50.6%) among all allergen groups so that more than half of them belonged to weed pollen allergens. Patients challenged with skin tests for Artemisia and ragweed allergens more likely displayed positive reaction to the Artemisia allergen (71.27%) and Ambrosia artemisiifolia (50.88%).
Co-sensitization (to Artemisia and ragweed) prevailed in this geographic region featured with equal rate of simultaneously detected sIgE specific to the two types of ragweed and artemisia (nAmb a 1 + nArt v 1 + Amb trif) as well as Ambrosia trifida and Artemisia (Amb trif + nArt v 1). Almost half of the patients with negative Ambrosia art. prick-test were found to bear sIgE specific to Amb trif. Further investigation will help to better understand this phenomenon and take a fresh look at diagnostics and treatment of ragweed allergy in relevant geographic area.

About the authors

N. N. Zhukova

Medical University “Reaviz”

Author for correspondence.
Email: natalia1807@mail.ru

Zhukova Natalia N. - Allergist-Immunologist, Otorhinolaryngologist, Assistant, Department of Internal Diseases

443124, Samara, 6th proseka, 155, 40

Phone: 7 (927) 722-83-38

Russian Federation

M. V. Manzhos

Medical University “Reaviz”

Email: fake@neicon.ru

PhD, MD (Medicine), Associate Professor, Head, Department of Internal Diseases

Samara

Russian Federation

A. V. Seleznev

Medical University “Reaviz”

Email: fake@neicon.ru

PhD (Medicine), Associate Professor, Department of Internal Diseases

Samara

Russian Federation

References

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Copyright (c) 2020 Zhukova N.N., Manzhos M.V., Seleznev A.V.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ ПИ № 77 - 11525 от 04.01.2002 выдано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).


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