Serum macrophage colony-stimulating factor levels in patients with essential hypertension after SARS-CoV-2 infection

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Abstract

Understanding changes in the cytokine-mediated mechanisms in immunopathogenesis of essential hypertension (EH) after COVID-19 poses a pressing scientific issue. SARS-CoV-2 exerts direct effects on macrophages with high probability altering regulatory M-CSF-VEGF-A-IL-34 axis, thereby accounting for change in cytokine-mediated patterns of hypertension progression. Immunopathogenesis of complications after SARS-CoV-2 infection and a role of M-CSF in EH pathogenesis justify study objective – to compare the serum M-CSF and VEGF-A, IL-34 levels in stage II EH patients prior to COVID-19 and one month after recovery to assess modality of altered M-CSF-mediated mechanisms behind hypertension progression. Four groups of patients were stratified depending on EH and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 (without/with pneumonia). Blood sampling was performed one month after COVID-19. The serum M-CSF and VEGF-A, IL-34 level was measured by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The data were statistically processed by using Stat Soft Statistica 13.5. Comparative analysis of serum M-CSF level in patients with stage II EH prior and after COVID-19 revealed that regardless of clinical course (with/without pneumonia) they were featured with higher levels of M-CSF one month after recovery (p < 0.001) vs baseline level. The serum VEGF-A level in patients with stage II EH did not change in papallel with increased M-CSF (458 pg/ml or more) one month after SARS CoV 2 infection. However, M-CSF stimulated rise in serum VEGF-A level and accounted for formation of marked coronary collateral network prior to infection. A relationship between the increased serum M-CSF level (higher than 392 pg/ml) and elevated percentage of COVID-19 with pneumonia in patients with stage II EH prior to the infection might be related to the hypothesis about “a role of dysregulated activation of mononuclear phagocytes in development of lung tissue damage”. The data presented prove scientific and clinical value of assessing a role for M-CSF with respect to altered cytokine-mediated patterns of EH progression after COVID-19 recovery.

About the authors

O. A. Radaeva

N.Ogarev National Research Mordovia State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: radaevamed@mail.ru

Radaeva Olga A. - PhD, MD (Medicine), Associate Professor, Professor, Immunology, Microbiology and Virology Department

430000, Republic of Mordovia, Saransk, Ulyanov str., 26а

Phone: 7 (905) 378-41-98

Russian Federation

A. S. Simbirtsev

State Research Institute of Highly Pure Biopreparations, Federal Medical-Biological Agency of Russia

Email: fake@neicon.ru

PhD, MD (Medicine), Professor, Corresponding Member, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chief Research Asociate

St. Petersburg

Russian Federation

N. M. Selezneva

N.Ogarev National Research Mordovia State University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

PhD (Medicine), Associate Professor, Hospital Therapy Department

Saransk, Republic of Mordovia

Russian Federation

M. S. Iskandyarova

N.Ogarev National Research Mordovia State University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Assistant Professor, Immunology, Microbiology and Virology Department

Saransk, Republic of Mordovia

Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2020 Radaeva O.A., Simbirtsev A.S., Selezneva N.M., Iskandyarova M.S.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Свидетельство о регистрации СМИ ПИ № 77 - 11525 от 04.01.2002 выдано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).


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